About Albania

Albania

Republic of Albania is a country located in  Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast.Albania is recognized as the “Country of Eagles”. A country which contains a broad story and more ancient.

Even though the Republic of Albania is a small place ,is well known for its traditional hospitality and the extraordinary nature.

Climate

With its coastline facing the Adriatic and Ionian seas, its highlands backed upon the elevated Balkan landmass, and the entire country lying at a latitude subject to a variety of weather patterns during the winter and summer seasons, Albania has a high number of climatic regions relative to its landmass. The coastal lowlands have typically Mediterranean weather; the highlands have a Mediterranean continental climate. In both the lowlands and the interior, the weather varies markedly from north to south. In summary ,the climate in this small territory varies from exotic mediterranean  to cold continental, with a relatively short winter and a hot dry summer.

Flora and fauna

Albania is recognized for its rich biological diversity. The variation of climate and terrain create favorable conditions for a number of endemic and sub-endemic species. Over a third of the territory of Albania – about 10,000 square kilometres  is forested and the country is very rich in flora. The forests are home to a wide range of mammals, including wolvesbearswild boars andchamois. Some of the most significant bird species found in the country include the golden eagle – known as the national symbol of Albania.

 

 

Transport

 

Highways

Currently there are three main motorways in Albania: the dual carriageway connecting Durrës with Vlorë, the Albania–Kosovo Highway, and the Tirana–Elbasan Highway.

 

Aviation

The Directory General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) was established on 3 February 1991, to cope with the development required by the time. Albania has one international airportTirana International Airport Nënë Tereza, which is linked to 29 destinations by 14 airlines.

 Railways

The railways in Albania are administered by the national railway company Hekurudha Shqiptare (HSH) (which means Albanian Railways). It operates a 1,435 mm (standard gauge) rail system in Albania. 

 

Language

Albanian is the official language of Albania. Its standard spoken and written form is revised and merged from the two main dialects, Gheg and Tosk; though, it is notably based more on the Tosk dialect. 

 

Religion

o   58.79% of Albania adheres to Islam

o   Christianity is practiced by 17.06% of the population, making it the 2nd largest religion in the country and

o   24.29% of the total population is eitherirreligious or belongs to other religious groups

o   24% of the total population are Albanian Orthodox

 

Music and folklore

Albanian folk songs can be divided into major groups, the heroic epics of the north, and the sweetly melodic lullabies, love songs, wedding musicwork songs and other kinds of song. The music of various festivals and holidays is also an important part of Albanian folk song, especially those that celebrate

 

Cuisine

The cuisine of Albania – as with most Mediterranean and Balkan nations – is strongly influenced by its long history. At different times, the territory which is now Albania has been claimed or occupied by Greece, Serbia, Italy and the Ottoman Turks and each group has left its mark on Albanian cuisine.

 

Tourism

A large part of Albania’s national income comes from tourism. Tourism – as of 2013 – funds 10% of its gross domestical product, and this is expected to increase.

  Albania welcomed around 4.2 million visitors in 2012, mostly from neighbouring countries and the European Union.

  The bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic and the Ionian Seacoast. The latter has the most beautiful and pristine beaches, and is often called theAlbanian Riviera

  Albanian seaside has a considerable length of 450 km, including even the lagoon area which you find within.

  Seventy percent of Albania’s terrain is mountainous and there are valleys that spread in a beautiful mosaic of forests, pastures, springs framed by high peaks capped by snow until late summer spreads across them.

  Rocky beaches, lagoons, rugged hills, high mountains, valleys and rivers, are the ingredients of this perfect combination, waiting for the visitors to be discovered.

  All this unexplored nature is found within a relatively small territory of 28,748 km2.

The Albania is a book,who do not travel read only one page!!

**Visit it to read all book**

 

Area:
28.748 km2
Capital city:
Tirana
Population:
3,150,886 habitants
Language:
Albanian
Currency:
Lekë
Government:
Parliamentary Democracy
Flag:
Black double-headed eagle on red background
International telephoneprefix:
00 355

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